Speakout :: Where Are All The Moguls?

Twenty years ago you could hardly find a ski area that wasn’t littered with moguls. They were everywhere. But by the mid-’90s, moguls were on the way to extinction. Many blame the advent of shaped skis, but the decline began before then. No, the true culprit was excessive grooming, made possible by the invention and widespread adoption of the power tiller.

Understand, I’m not against grooming. I’ve logged thousands of hours behind the sticks, and I would be more than happy to spend my entire industry career in the seat of a snowcat. However, I also love moguls and other natural elements of skiing (because that’s what moguls are: the natural byproduct of skier traffic). These two viewpoints are not mutually exclusive; they are complementary.

Granted, there were other factors in the demise of moguls as well. Nearly a third of the skiing participants made their way to single planks. Then came terrain parks. And there was the proliferation of shaped skis.

The main cause, though, was an industry-wide desire to cater to a perceived demand from our guests. We decided that skiers wanted more corduroy, and we delivered it. But many skiers also crave the excitement of terrain variations, and if given the proper opportunities to learn, they are ready and willing to embrace mogul skiing.

Many would argue that the perceived demand for grooming was real. I admit there’s some truth to that, fueled by all the factors above. In addition, as the Boomer generation has aged, some have given up on the adventure and adrenaline aspects of skiing. But perhaps not as many as you might think (consider the success of Aspen's “Bumps for Boomers” program). Yet most of this “demand” for groomers was simply a perceived demand from a small, never-satisfied group of skiers.

Real demand or not, we gave in. With the advent of the power tiller and the winch replacing the more cumbersome grooming implements of the past, we began grooming most (if not all) of the viable mogul terrain. What the ski industry took away was the option to learn mogul skiing at all, leading to the claim that no one even wants to ski moguls.

The State of the Sport
Now, in 2014, most bump skiers are 40+ year-old “leftovers" from the mogul heyday of the ’80s and early ’90s. Many younger skiers can’t link turns on the flats, let alone in the bumps, because they rarely ski outside the park. Many mountains now groom steeper terrain, leaving only the most difficult trails (if any) with moguls.

But there are a few places that stand out from crowd: Winter Park's Mary Jane in Colorado, Sugarbush, Mad River Glen, and Killington in Vermont, and Ski Sundown in Connecticut, just to name some standouts. At those mountains, you can find moguls on low-angle runs, intermediate runs, advanced runs, and expert runs. This is called progression, and it is absolutely necessary to the survival of the sport.
Herein lies the conundrum: if only expert mogul terrain is available, then how can intermediates and aspiring skiers learn to ski moguls? You can drill on the flats all you want, but you can’t learn to ski moguls on a 35-degree slope.

Mogul skiers must have a place to learn. That means moguls on intermediate terrain. At many areas, moguls will grow without any help. At smaller ski areas where there is not enough skier traffic to form natural bumps, seeding (with bumps formed by snowcat or skiers) is a great solution. With time, the skier base at these areas will become proficient enough at moguls that natural bumps will begin to form. In sum, mogul teaching and learning terrain must be developed.

Taking Action: What You Can Do
The solution is quite simple: groom less. Not only will more and better moguls form, but you’ll save on diesel, wages, and maintenance. The following list will help your area embrace mogul skiing while minimally impacting your corduroy selection:

• Let some bumps grow on steeper runs.

• Choose at least one lower angle intermediate run and allow moguls to form. Or, build them with a snowcat, or ski them in with marking flags.

• Try grooming half of a popular intermediate run, and leave the other half ungroomed. This is great for families and groups, so that mogul skiers and those who aren’t can ski/ride together.

• Host local/regional mogul competitions on natural moguls.

• Encourage ski instructors to introduce skiers—both young and old—to moguls on the easier pitches. Offer mogul skiing clinics and mogul-specific programs.

• Encourage staff, especially patrollers and instructors, to improve their mogul skiing. When guests see good mogul skiers, they are inspired to try the sport. Plus, your staff will have more fun and be true masters of the mountain!
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Thrill of bumps and jumps

If you haven't learned to ski the bumps, they can beat you up. As you begin to make progress on any challenge, it starts to grab you. Just nice bumps on blues are fun for us all and I truly think resorts would benefit from supplying them. Personally, I don't know what's more thrilling than getting into a groove on a bump run, hitting a bump and nailing a good spread eagle, landing and continuing to bump and grind. If you ever work your way up to this, you intermediates, you will have a smile that lasts for days and an addiction that pulls you back in. So don't fear the bumps, revere them. (While I'm impressed with boarders that can actually work a bump run, they tend to ruin the shape of bumps. Even worse, boarders that side-slip down scrape the bumps - it a painful and maddening thing to watch.That's why I'd prefer boarders boarders look elsewhere.)


I just happened to find this as I was looking for information about equipment. I have to say I've had an interesting experience, one that supports the article. I learned to ski as a teenager back east and later lived in California working for the ski resorts for five winters, yet never learned to really ski moguls. There were so few runs at the resorts, and they were mostly on really steep terrain, I just sort of avoided them. Then I moved to Colorado and because Winter Park/Mary Jane was close to where we lived, started skiing there more often. Skiing there made me want to learn how to ski moguls, because there were so many awesome trails that were all bumped up, and they are one of the few resorts that does allow blue, intermediate trails to get bumps. I took a bump clinic there, as well as a private lesson (the first lesson I have taken in 25 years), skied almost 40 days last year and got pretty decent at skiing the bumps. I also had the most fun skiing I've had in a long time. So I do think that getting rid of bumps does not encourage people to want to learn them. But at a place like Mary Jane, it has opened up so much more terrain to me, and I've had a blast. BTW, when Intrawest first bought the resort, they started to groom out some of the more difficult bump runs, and the locals howled and protested. Now the just let the bumps rule...

Patrick Torsell's Mogul Article Jan 2014

Moguls are an Olympic sport, and mogul skiing was born in the USA. American ski resorts need to do their part to ensure young people have a chance to learn the art of mogul skiing and fulfill their and our nation’s Olympic aspirations. Moreover, a subset of the skiing public must be interested in adding a third dimension to their skiing by learning moguls, or nobody would ever venture into the few remaining mogul fields—yet we see them there every day. But if those mogul fields are only on steep, intimidating slopes, the public will not have the opportunity to progress. The moguls should be available on easy slopes. Ski areas and their customers are concerned about climate change and searching for concrete steps they can take to combat it. Burning tons of diesel fuel nightly to groom all slopes is not “green.” Moguls are a natural by-product of skiing and cost nothing to produce. Ski resorts should qualify themselves as “green” by leaving a small corridor to the side of selected trails ungroomed. They should advertise their initiative as “green,” family friendly (by allowing families to remain together on the same trail), and offering an enhanced variety of skiing experiences, supported by ski school lessons. It would appeal to customers and improve the bottom line.

Moguls shortage

As we all know demand creates the supply. This equation not only work in economics but in every aspect of our life. Being a service industry, ski resorts have to cater it's clientele. Times have changed and so have people's preferences. People are no longer interested in the sports that are not as spectacular as others, terrain parks are of the most interest of younger generation of skiers. I totally share Patrick Torsell's call for wider diversity of skiable terrain. Coming from Ukraine I know how fun riding moguls can be. In fact it is harder to find groomed runs than moguls back home. I truly believe that the only way to get moguls back on the runs of Canadian ski resorts is through the

Moguls... man

While this article is well articulated and did a decent job of arguing why a ski resort should keep moguls, I do not completely agree. The author of the article started off speaking about the evolution of skiing, but then went on to state that even though mogul skiing is dying, ski resorts need to groom less and let more moguls form on a wider array of terrain. What some people seem to forget about ski resorts is that they are a business. And as a business, the ski resort is going to make decisions on what they think will make them the most money, not what they think the sport needs. There will always be a few ski resorts that maintain their mogul runs, but as the moguls community dies and the mogul skier becomes a minority, there is going to be less and less of a need for them. Moguls are always going to naturally form on runs that don't receive grooming, so as the skiers progress in ability, they can step into the more advanced mogul runs on the black and double black diamond runs.


When it comes to moguls everything is possible. As many other customer preferences in the ski industry, skiers and riders either choose to rip through the naturally-made and challenging moguls run, or safely slide down a well-maintained groomed slope. As customers are different and they want, enjoy, and love completely different things, having the chance to provide as many options as we can to ensure a sustainable future in the industry. In order to do that, we should select the runs and the experience that we want to offer. Having 3 mogul runs in a resort with a friendly pitch progression, allows people to improve and enjoy the challenges of a non-maintained slope, providing the client options to domain the art of mogul skiing. However, we need to consider those who do not enjoy - or are willing to - mogul skiing. Providing a safe groomed way down, where clients can improve and enjoy different aspects of the sport (carving, freestyle, racing, etc) is a must. By having both options we avoid under-skilled people in the wrong place, keeping a safe operation.


Coming from Ontario, I mostly ride park, but I definitely agree that moguls have their place at ski resorts. All the hills in Ontario I have ridden contain at least a couple of intermediate mogul runs, but they can be icy and intimidating depending on the weather. It seems that they get a lot more traffic on slushy, late season days. Personally, I think with the resurgence of natural, surf inspired terrain and banked slalom events, we could see a growing market for moguls and bumps as kids start to see how much fun it can really be. I think its worth it for resorts to save some cat time and add some more flow to their runs.

Bumps: Friend or Foe?

As a ski racer from the east coast, I was steered away from skiing in the bumps and trees, and kept solely on groomed terrain during training. One day, I was at a new resort, and accidentally found myself at the top of an expert mogul run, with no way down other than to ski them. They were scrapped off and icy, and it was easily the worst run of my life. This past year I moved to BC, and now I spend most of my free skiing time in the bumps or trees. In my experience, the mogul runs in the east are always icy and are not forgiving in any way, which makes it difficult to want to learn how to ski them. I agree with the article that there should be a progression of different level terrain so that people have the ability to learn to ski moguls. If I had that option when I was growing up and learning to ski, I think I would have been more keen to try it. Having moved to BC this fall, I am challenging myself with more varied terrain, but partly due to the snow being softer here. I feel more comfortable pushing myself because I am not falling on ice here, and the snow is more forgiving so my knees don't hurt as much at the end of a day. I feel as though moguls are a good option for some resorts, but not all. I would much prefer skiing groomers all day out east, but love the variety in BC.

I agree with the article, the

I agree with the article, the bumps are still out there but they have no flow. I feel that the new generation of fatter skis are ruining the bumps because people can't ski them in the bumps properly, therefor they are forming some horrible bumps.


I am not a very experienced snowboarder yet, so moguls haven't interested me very much so far which makes them interesting to learn about. I can definitely see how they offer a different experience than flat terrain, and also how they can be very physically demanding to do correctly. I usually have only seen moguls on steep terrain, and hadn't considered the fact that if we don't have flatter, easier moguls it means that we don't make it easy progress, and some people (mostly skiers) actually enjoy the technical and physical challenge. It's an interesting idea to allow one side of the trail to develop moguls, since it's no fun to get trapped at the top of a mogul field especially if the surface is a bit icy. I've definitely noticed that most ski hills attempts to groom as much as possible, maybe since we don't like to list all our trails as "ungroomed". The half-grooming approach could also help with this since it shows that one side was purposely left bumpy.

Finding Moguls...

I do agree that moguls can be fun sometimes. I think the problem might be that no one wants to make them. Would you prefer to spend your day carving out moguls or getting fresh tracks in a secret powder stash? Resorts are offering more and more terrain and backcountry skiing is becoming more popular, this is giving skiers a lot to choose from. I have snowboarded at 6 different ski resorts and I have always seen mogul runs, so I'm not sure where or what types of resorts you are skiing at. It might me a good idea for resorts to start marking mogul runs on their trail maps, then those that want to can ski them and those that dont want to can avoid them! A happy solution for all.

target market

I found this article to be very intrusting. But i don't believe the the target market is there for mogul skiing, with the majority of skiers/snowboarders being beginners and intermediate riders they do not have the ability to ski moguls.I also believe that the majority of riders do not enjoy mogul runs. I do enjoy Skiing moguls myself, but find it hard to find any runs this days that have a consistent set of moguls, I believe this is due to the fact that there is a large range of different types of skis and snowboards these days and this makes for all different types of turning patients.

Leave No Skier Behind

I certainly agree that there are less moguls around than there used to be, and it's a shame. Moguls are the natural by-product of a certain type of skier traffic, that traffic has diminished, and we could all benefit from its return. I think that education cannot be overstated in this regard, moguls really do need help. Cutting back on grooming alone will not see the return quality lines. I wouldn't mind seeing a little more buzz around something other than big mountain, or big air. I don't think that Moguls should take precedence over any other pursuit, but have their share for the benefit that they provide. In a word... technique.

The Best of Both Worlds

Despite the fact that this article makes many untrue statements, I would have to agree that moguls have an important place on ski hills. As your article has pointed out, I believe that moguls should be a part of the skiing experience, as they provide a good challenge and can help you improve. Looking at your suggestions, I like the idea of grooming half the run in order to give people a choice. Personally, however, I welcome this new grooming trend. While I have spent my fair share of time skiing moguls, new trends in skiing such as park and freeride have now taken the interests of a good number of skiers including myself. Skiers and snowboarders now have a multitude of options on days where it hasn't snowed in a while. In all honesty, although I can ski the bumps, I would much rather blast down the groomers and fine tune my carving skills. It gives me much more enjoyment, and when it comes down to it, that's what counts, and it's what keeps me and many others coming back.

leave a cat alone!

I remember my first time on the bumps: I had to stop after just a couple of turns, because either I was out of breath or I lost the rhythm and my board became uncontrollable. Then, for a couple of years bumps still had given me shivers when I saw them on the run. Riding moguls require a good technique that can be achieved by practice and a little help from ski school pros. As our course instructor mentioned in the class, some ski resorts are selling corduroy in their marketing messages. Even though I believe in the principle that a client is always right, I also believe that there are different types of clients. Some of them are willing to challenge themselves and learn new things. I read more about Aspen's 'Bumps for Boomers' mogul program. The program is great because it responds to the needs of a specific segment of the ski resort's clientele as well as has become 'Aspen's secret weapon'. In my opinion, a ski resort should strive to offer a variety of mountain experiences. If it means to groom less, then tighten your belt... and get your hands off a cat!


Bumps are fun for most people but for some people it is something they need to learn to ride and pick up on. By only having moguls on advanced and expert runs, it is not really giving the intermediate rider the experience they're looking for. For riders to feel comfortable and have the ultimate mogul experience you need to start small and work your way up. Agreeing with the article, smaller resorts might not be able to support all the needs of every rider but I mean the bigger resorts could definitely create some bumps on the intermediate runs. As other have mentioned, Moguls could just be another trend in the ski industry, maybe it will come back. Having different runs with moguls will most definitely drive peoples curiosity into this part of the sport. It would also be good for marketing if most of the people in that area are from when moguls were a big thing.


I think that this article is fantastic!!! i totally agree. Being an expert skier means that you are able to ski all terrain that is put before you. This includes being able to ski moguls. But most riders to not go anywhere near moguls simply because they find them to difficult and challenging. This is where education comes into play, being able to learn and ski moguls is essential for the development of ski technique. Not only does it teach good form, but it also involves learning to control your skis, as well as your speed. Without this education, we are going to see more problems like inability to link turns, and to get away from the parks or corduroy. At this point they should be asking themselves "why am i skiing? I'm not challenging myself" and this is what the sport is really about, Challenging yourself. even with the changing technology of skis, we should still be teaching the young skiers about the importance of moguls. Just because a kid is skiing on a fat pair of Volkls, does not mean that he/she should not be able to get off the corduroy or powder and challenge themselves. I think that this was a great article and i look forward to reading more


As a snowboarder that ride mostly park, coming from the East Coast all our moguls are usually very hard packed/icy which made it more intimidating to ride. After reading this article it made me realize that most of the younger generation is riding only park and groomers now a days. I recently started riding moguls in British Colombia and soon realized they were as fun if not funner to ride than park.

Snowboarding Mogys

I am a snowboarder and I occasionally enjoy to ride the bumps. It can improve my skill as an overall snowboarder and test my abilities to keep my snowboard in control. It is also very fun to launch yourself off of a mogul or two and land while maintaining your flow... Keeping this in mind, I agree with the article as to keep a few runs in the resort ungroomed and set aside for moguls. Although, when the majority of a resort is moguls, it is a little less fun for me. Take Whitewater for instance, this year, we haven't gotten even close to enough snow... Therefore, it has basically been moguls all season (aside from a few powder days). After finding some sweet stashes in the trees and shredding through them, I find myself a little out of breath. And then I find myself at a run that is all moguls. I would then need to take a break as I would not be prepared for those moguls. When a there is not a big snowfall, and most of the resort is ungroomed, I would prefer to spend my time in the park rather than the bumps... Basically, Whitewater needs some more snow. :P


I couldn't agree more with this article. I love skiing bumps. For me, a good bump run is as satisfying as skiing a sick powder line. Being a ski instructor, I think learning to ski moguls is an essential part of being a well-rounded advanced skier. I would say 99% percent of the time, most people that don't like skiing moguls is because they can't do it. This isn't saying anything negative about their skiing ability, rather they just didn't have the opportunity to ski intermediate moguls runs and contribute to their mogul progression for reasons outlined in the article. Additionally, most people these days are rocking around in boots that are 120/130 flex. This flex pattern for boots is simply too stiff to learn to do moguls in. a flex of 90 is much more suitable for bumps. As most people don't want to have a boot of that flex, next time you are at the top of a mogul run, lean down and undo your top buckles. This will increase your absorption of the bumps a great deal. And really, you don't need those buckles when skiing moguls. Try it and enjoy ;)


As a ski instructor, I always like to challenge my students with the varied terrain that a resort can offer. Moguls are one of them. Moguls can help improve the students steering, stance & balance skiing skills which later on, shines on the normal corduroy groomed runs. Personally, I like to ski moguls more than groomers. I enjoy the different sizes of bumps, rhythm and it personally brings my stoke level higher. I agree with what this article is stating. I do see a lower percentage of bump runs being offered in ski resorts. I live in Western Canada and I can only name two resorts off of my head which offer exceptional bump skiing (Marmot Basin & Whitewater). I believe the cause is that most grooming operators aren't into the skiing/snowboarding sport or in shape to perform it which is why mogul fields are hardly existing these days. Replacing the snowcats with a younger generation of operators who are very interested into the sport would create a new product for the resort clientele to enjoy.

Not a major mogul fan

I am not a confident skier and prefer to ski on groomed runs. I only dislike moguls as I relate them to steeper inclines. I feel if beginner runs were left untouched then it would give novice skiers the chance to become accustomed to moguls before trying them on steeper terrain. This would definitely benefit me as I would be able to practise skiing moguls and gain good technique before jumping straight in. I can see how moguls will put a lot of people off but I also see how some people like them. Some people ski for the pure enjoyment factor only and some ski to challenge themselves. I think it is important to try and cater for the whole skier/snowboarder market and by doing this there needs to be variety. Having mogul fields on all levels of terrain together with groomers is definitely the way to go.


even though i am a snowboarder i feel like the new trend of having no moguls in almost any ski resort is making us forgot our roots. even as a snowboard i like to prove my self with some moguls, and maybe i am not a fan of them i thing having at least a good moguls run in all ski resort is something of importance now a day. it make the ski resort look like a real one on one hand, and also there is always skiers who seek for them.

Trends change and cycle

Like in other fields, trends in skiing go in and out of style and tend to cycle a bit. I figure mogul skiing is at fairly low point right now and could very well rise to popularity again, much like telemark skiing is starting to now. Snowboarding is another example, in 90's diehard skiers were afraid snowboarding was going to wipe out their sport, today snowboarding has peaked and is declining in many regions. I figure mogul skiing will likely rise again the same way snowboarding did, as a rebellion of sorts against the masses by doing something that few people know how to do with more and more taking it up until it becomes mainstream again.


I am a skier and i like to ski moguls. Even though i can ski groomers and still find it a lot of fun to ski on first tracks or ski them throughout the day i don't feel I am challenging myself. I feel I can ski a mogul run ok but was thrown in at the deep end trying to learn on a steep slope, and still to this day I don't feel I can keep a consistent control of speed and line down a steep mogul run. Whether this is due to the change in demand for different types of skis or today's skier wanting to learn how to ride terrain parks i am not sure. I would be up for my resort in BC to keep a beginner, intermediate and expert mogul run in order to today's market of skiers learn and develop new skills in order to become a better all-rounded individual skier.


From the article: "However, I also love moguls and other natural elements of skiing (because that’s what moguls are: the natural byproduct of skier traffic)." Huh? Are you seriously arguing that moguls are "natural"? Your argument has all of the sophistication of suggesting that plastic surfaces are "natural" because a bunch of people in lab coats manipulated petroleum. And: "Yet most of this “demand” for groomers was simply a perceived demand from a small, never-satisfied group of skiers." This is just absurd. If you go to a place like Killington, where skiers have a choice, do you really expect us to believe that only a small number of skiers prefer groomers? And keep in mind that Killington is more likely to attract bump skiers than most other mountains! The truth is thus: Only a minority of skiers prefer to spend most of their time on non-groomed activities. Moguls were the rage 20 years ago. Tastes have now changed to terrain parks and glades. Those would-have-been mogul skiers are still out there, their preferences just changed. But if you prefer the glades or terrain parks, you're not a true skier according to this author. Man, does he seem bitter and old! Like it or not, your preferences are not indicative of actual demand.

I dont like bumps

I am a skier. i should be able to ride bumps, however I dont really ever have a desire to ride them. I can in fact link turns all over the mountain, but I dont ride moguls. i switched to skiing a year ago and have quickly picked up skiing, and surpassed my skills on a snowboard. i think its just the way the sport is going. more and more young people are skiing and those young people dont want to ride moguls, especially on steep slopes. so if ski areas want to succeed and make money, they have to cater to the new crowd, not the old birds who are leaving the sport by the thousands every winter.

Moguls...friend of the boarder or not?

I found this article super interesting, as I am a snowboarder, who in the last few years has been trying to consciously ride moguls better and faster. When i went down my first bump run unexpectedly, I was not a happy shredder; since then my view of them has been changing as my skill level in riding them progresses. Though I hated them at first, I have come to realize how riding them has a huge impact on improving technique and flow, and I strongly believe they should not become a thing of the past. The resort grooming teams need to remember that if they allow variable skill level mogul fields, they are helping progress there entry level skiers to become more confident and safe; eventually leading them to become valued core skiers!


After recently moving to British columbia i soon realized that there is much more to the sport then riding parks and groomers. After reading this article it made me realize that progression for the entire hill should be used just as they do in terrain parks (start small and work your way up). I do enjoy riding expert terrain, but i find on a snowboard some slopes can almost be too much when they are bombarded with moguls. i feel if they had a variety of mogul fields on runs ranging from beginner to expert, the desire to ride moguls will be increased in the newer skier generations.


I hear your concern Patrick about moguls. The Snow-cat today is a over used tool today. Since the power tiller and it's corduroy surface was made the customers are now accustomed to the product it leaves and demand a fresh groomed surface every day. Skiing used to be a adventure to get down the mountain. I have been a groomer for over 35 years and do not like grooming everything every night, never did never will. It used to be groom only if need to recoup the snow not the surface. The power tillers are used way to much. Grooming the snow mechanically is the best way to groom and less expensive to maintain. Leaving expert trails to bump up was the norm in the days and plus it was tough to do with the grooming tools of yester years. Dragging a mogul planner down steep trails was a true art of grooming. Since the blade was put on the front of the tractor grooming steeps started to happen and the end of moguls started. Plus the use of a winch cat did not help. Now as cat operators we have to make bumps now, which I thought was make bumps! Trails that have bumps on them were groomed knowing if a good storm was coming for skiers to enjoy the new fresh powder on the steep trails and remake the bumps with new lines. I here your pain Patrick it will be awhile for the bump skier to return in todays market of skiers. Like I said we have to make bumps today with a cat. Thank god we can't groom glade of tree trails yet.


While they might not be as thrilling as pow skiing, bumps build solid skiers. Having tight-radius wiggle turns in your arsenal is a good thing. They come in handy in technical situations. I'm bringing up two little girls skiing big bumps. Bump runs deter the speedy back-seat flailers and overly confident riders who threaten tykes on groomers. Bumps teach youngsters how to properly turn and edge a ski, keep their hands forward and keep eyes down the fall line. Bumpers unite! Anyone recall the old signs at Mary Jane that used to require skis over 190cm or 200cm on certain runs, to protect the bumps?


"Winter Park's Mary Jane" GET SOME! Keep that C lift running!

Strongly agree with John's

Strongly agree with John's assessments. I too am an old mogul skier but not Colorado but rather the Tahoe area. And still have fine knees and look smooth because I've never bashed moguls. Resorts have mowed down moguls as though some in management don't want to see any, especially those in view or below lifts, regardless of terrain. Example is The Face at Alpine or Look-out-Janek at Kirkwood. The resulting snow conditions on such slopes are those awful hard pack flat slabs almost everyone except those on race skis just skid through. What resorts do allow are moguls in steeper advanced areas where so few mogul skiers usually ski down that moguls that do form don't have enough of the usual loose snow about them to make the experience more pleasant except during the best mid winter skier packed powder conditions. The best bumps are where bump skiers are actively skiing and that is why Saturday afternoons when lots of skiers are loosening up the snow, moguls are usually best. Some runs are rather narrow especially those cut through forest areas while others are wide slopes. In fact many moderate pitched intermediate slopes where bumps could form are wide by design On some of the wider runs, resorts might try leaving sections along the edge of some runs un-groomed if that is within a good fall line instead of grooming the full width of a slope. Bump skiers only need about 3 fall line bump lanes wide for moguls to be reasonably skied because we tend to ski the fall line.

Moguls article

Terrific piece!

Speakout :: Where Are All The Moguls?

Great article Patrick!